How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (2023)

Home Improvement

Interior Remodel



Juan Rodriguez

How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (1)

Juan Rodriguez

Juan Rodriguez is an award-winning civil engineer with over 20 years of experience doing large-scale civil works projects. He is an expert on new construction,remodeling, demolition, and code compliance. He also speaks at industry forums and has served as a judge for international engineering competitions.

Learn more about The Spruce'sEditorial Process

Updated on 12/21/22

Reviewed byJohnathan Brewer

Fact checked by

Jillian Dara

How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (2)

Fact checked byJillian Dara

Jillian is a freelance journalist with 10 years of editorial experience in the lifestyle genre. She is a writer and fact checker for TripSavvy, as well as a fact-checker for The Spruce.

Learn more about The Spruce'sEditorial Process

(Video) 18 Types of Drywall Explained | DIY For Beginners

Drywall is a popular building material made from gypsum that is used to form the flat surfaces of walls and ceilings in most modern homes. Also known as wallboard, plasterboard, gypsum board, or Sheetrock (a popular brand name by U.S. Gypsum Corporation), drywall is a convenient alternative to plaster. Depending on the place it will be installed, there are several different types of drywall that you can choose from. There is alsoan ECO board made from recycled material to create drywall that looks like concrete.

One important advantage that drywall offers is the presence of tapered edges on the long sides of drywall sheets. Whenjoined together, these edges form a shallow recess for drywall tape and joint compound that allows for invisible finished joints. The different drywall options are often known by their color, and it's important to choose the right type for your project.

Below, learn about seven different types of drywall and their uses for projects at home.


Click Play to Learn About Types of Drywall

4 Best Drywall Tapes You Can Buy

  • 01 of 07

    Regular Drywall or White Board

    How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (4)

    • Best for: Walls and ceilings in most rooms

    Regular drywall (also called white board) is normally white on one side and brown on the other, and as the most common type of drywall used in homes, it's suitable for most rooms. It is made of gypsum, but it does not feature special mold and mildew resistance like other types that are durable in moist areas.

    While regular drywall isn't made for the bathroom or kitchen, it's very common to use in bedrooms, living rooms, hallways, and even some basements. This type of drywall is the most affordable option and comes in different sizes ranging in thickness from 3/8 inches to 1inch. Most drywall sizes in homes are 1/2-inch thick. This costs about $12 to $18 per each 4- by 8-foot panel.

    (Video) 5/8" Sheetrock vs 1/2" Sheetrock (Drywall)

  • 02 of 07

    Green Board Drywall

    How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (5)

    • Best for: Bathrooms and kitchens

    Green board drywall, also known as moisture-resistant drywall, has a green covering that makes it more resistant to water than regular drywall. Green board is made of the same materials as regular drywall, but its paper covering is coated in wax. It is also often used as a tile backer in limited wet areas such as bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, basements, and utility rooms.

    This type of drywall is not completely waterproof, but rather, it's made to prevent moisture from building up over time in rooms that are exposed to humidity (so don’t use it if it’s going to be in direct contact with water). Thanks to its wax coating, green board is more durable than regular drywall. It's also slightly more expensive, costing about$14 to $18 for 4- by 8-foot panels.

    What Is Greenboard Drywall?

  • 03 of 07

    Blue Board Drywall

    How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (6)

    • Best for: Plaster backing

    Blue board drywall is also known as plaster baseboard, and it's used as a backing for veneer plastering that must be installed on top. The surface paper of blue board has special absorption qualities atop its gypsum interior to look like actual plaster once finished. Blue board drywall is not made for mud, tape, or paint, and veneer plastering requires fewer steps than mudding and taping.

    This type of drywall has high water and mold resistance, and it's especially durable in bathrooms or places with a lot of moisture and helps reduce noise. Blue board costs similar to green board at about $12 to $15 for 4- by 8-foot panels, so it's typically chosen for cosmetic purposes.

  • 04 of 07

    Paperless Drywall

    How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (7)

    • Best for: Long-lasting durability and water resistance

    Paperless drywall is covered with fiberglass instead of paper, which protects the gypsum board from rot and offers even greater resistance to mold and mildew. It's becoming more popular as an alternative to regular drywall, although it does cost significantly more at about $25 to $35 for a 4- by 8-foot panel.

    The quality of paperless drywall board is a little tougher than regular drywall, but some construction pros find it easier to cut. This board has some slight textures that require installers to apply joint compound, which helps achieve a smooth, clean finish.

    Continue to 5 of 7 below.

  • 05 of 07

    Purple Drywall

    How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (8)

    • Best for: Mold and mildew resistance in wet areas

    Purple drywalloffers the same advantages asgreen drywall, but with superior mold and mildew resistance. This type of drywall has a gypsum interior that's coated with 100 percent recycled paper for better durability against water than green drywall.

    It can be used with all wall and ceiling applications and is ideally suited where enhanced moisture and mold resistance are desired. Purple is the best option to use if your drywall is going to be in contact with water. Depending on which type of purple drywall you choose, a 4- by 8-foot panel typically costs between $15 and $60 (high-impact and sound-breaking options are available).

    (Video) How to pick Moisture Resistant Drywall For Bathroom
  • 06 of 07

    Type X Drywall

    How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (9)

    • Best for: Fire resistance

    Type X drywall is a fire-resistant option that contains fiberglass inside its gypsum core. This type of drywall can be installed in several layers to further slow the progression of a fire. Its extra thickness can also improve its soundproofing characteristics.

    To receive the "Type X" designation, a gypsum board must achieve at least a one-hour fire-resistance rating for 5/8-inch board or a 3/4-hour rating for 1/2-inch board in a single layer, nailed on each face of load-bearing wood framing members.

    This drywall is harder to cut and work than regular drywall, and it's normally used in garages and apartment buildings when it is required by building codes. Prices for fire-resistant drywall typically range from $20 to $20 for a 4- by 8-foot panel.

    Basics of Fire-Rated Type X or C Drywall

  • 07 of 07

    Soundproof Drywall

    How to Choose the Right Type of Drywall (10)

    • Best for: Soundproofing rooms

    Soundproof drywall is composed of laminated drywall made with a mix of wood fibers, gypsum, and polymers increasing the STC (sound transmission class).

    This drywall is denser than regular drywall, so it might be a little harder to cut than other popular options. Due to its soundproofing characteristics, it is used in areas where noise is a problem or when silence is required in a room.


    Some soundproof drywall is made with a thin layer of metal sandwiched inside that can further improve sound deadening.

    Soundproof drywall might be used in your family room walls, or if you're a musician, it makes a great option for music rooms. It's typically expensive, costing about $40 to $55 for a 4- by 8-foot panel.

Choosing Drywall

When it comes to choosing the right type of drywall for your home, consider its use and the room it will be installed in. For example, most living rooms and bedrooms are suitable for regular drywall, but bathrooms and kitchens should have moisture-resistant options like green board. Purple drywall may be necessary in bathrooms that see considerable amounts of water around the shower walls.

Additionally, most building codes require Type X drywall to be used in garages and walls that separate two living spaces (such as shared walls in apartments, condos, and townhouses). This is an important step to help slow the spread of potential fires.


If you're still unsure which type of drywall you need, it's best to consult a professional contractor. Hiring a drywaller in your area is a great way to determine the best option for your home's specific needs.

How to Hang Drywall

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Drywall Price Chart for 12 Types of Drywall. HomeAdvisor.

  2. Mold Course Chapter 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

(Video) Choosing Drywall That Will Last

More from The Spruce

  • Basics of Fire-Rated Type X or C Drywall
  • What Is Greenboard Drywall?
  • Composition of Drywall and Joint Compound
  • Mold-Resistant Drywall Review: Pros and Cons
  • Does Soundproof Drywall Really Work?
  • Ultralight Drywall Pros and Cons
  • What Is Textured Wall Paneling?
  • The 7 Best Drywall Primers for 2023
  • Choosing the Best Type of Drywall Compound
  • 5 Types of Garage Insulation to Consider
  • How to Insulate a Basement
  • How to Use Cement Backer Board
  • Joint Compound vs. Spackle: When to Use Each
  • What Is Behind Drywall: Guide to Wall Studs and Framing
  • Guide to Drywall Sizes
  • 5 Different Types of Wall Trim and How to Choose One


1. Different Types of Drywall You Need to Know
(Tier One Construction, LLC)
2. Which Drywall Tape is Better: Paper or Mesh?
3. How to Choose the Right Drywall Anchor
(Cottage Life)
4. Types of drywall - Drywall Instruction
(Drywall Instruction)
5. How to Choose Drywall
(ExpertVillage Leaf Group)
6. The Truth About Drywall Mud
(Home RenoVision DIY)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Mrs. Angelic Larkin

Last Updated: 13/04/2023

Views: 5972

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (67 voted)

Reviews: 90% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Mrs. Angelic Larkin

Birthday: 1992-06-28

Address: Apt. 413 8275 Mueller Overpass, South Magnolia, IA 99527-6023

Phone: +6824704719725

Job: District Real-Estate Facilitator

Hobby: Letterboxing, Vacation, Poi, Homebrewing, Mountain biking, Slacklining, Cabaret

Introduction: My name is Mrs. Angelic Larkin, I am a cute, charming, funny, determined, inexpensive, joyous, cheerful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.